#User involvement

Topic within Circular City
Hede Razoky, Accountmanager Upcyclecentrum at Gemeente Almere, posted

Circulair ondernemers gezocht

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Ben jij een bevlogen circulair ondernemer met een nieuw circulair product of business concept? Dan is dit misschien wel jouw kans! Het Upcylcecentrum in Almere biedt per 1 november 2022 namelijk twee circulair ondernemers een plek in het circulair ontwikkelprogramma. Je krijgt toegang tot de reststromen van de recycleperrons en laat je bedrijf floreren met behulp van dit unieke concept.

Wil jij een vliegende start maken met jouw onderneming? Of ken je zo’n ondernemer? Bezoek almere.nl/upcyclergezocht voor de voorwaarden en stuur uiterlijk 14 oktober 2022 jouw businessplan in. 

#CircularCity
NEMO Science Museum, posted

Donderdagavond in De Studio van NEMO

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Om de week op donderdagavond organiseert NEMO een extra activiteit in De Studio. Speciaal voor volwassenen. De workshops, lezingen en dialogen gaan over energie en klimaat en sluiten aan bij het thema van de tentoonstelling Energy Junkies. Voorafgaand aan de activiteiten kun je de tentoonstelling bezoeken.

Geplande activiteiten

13 oktober 2022 - Inspiratiesessie - Eerste hulp bij klimaatstress
Na twee zomers kamperen in je tentje in Nederland wil je eindelijk weer eens op een verre vliegvakantie. Maar je schaamt je om het aan anderen te vertellen. Wil je lang douchen, maar vindt jouw partner dat niet goed voor het milieu? Twijfel jij ook weleens aan wat je nou echt kan doen voor een beter klimaat en ben je daar soms gestrest over? Of valt het in jouw ogen allemaal wel mee? In de inspiratiesessie Eerste hulp bij klimaatstress gaan we in gesprek over persoonlijke ervaringen met klimaatverandering. Houd je hoofd koel en ontdek samen met klimaatpsycholoog Jeanine Pothuizen hoe je het beste omgaat met emoties rondom het klimaat. Lees meer en reserveer tickets.

27 oktober 2022 - Lezing - Een hoopvolle toekomst
Klimaatverandering is de grootste bedreiging van het leven op aarde. Het is dan ook logisch dat de gevolgen soms zorgen voor een pessimistisch gevoel. En hoe meer je je in het onderwerp verdiept, des te sterker dat gevoel kan worden. In deze lezing legt cultuursocioloog Ruben Jacobs uit hoe we zover zijn gekomen en waar onze verantwoordelijkheid ligt. Maar hij vertelt vooral over hoop in tijden van klimaatverandering en welk verhaal we onze kinderen straks kunnen vertellen. Lees meer en reserveer tickets.

10 november 2022 - Stand up comedy - Comedy for Climate
Klimaatopwarming is niet het meest grappige onderwerp. Toch proberen we daar door middel van een stand-up comedy avond voor één keer verandering in te brengen. Waarbij we lachen om onszelf en het klimaat. Met alleen een microfoon zetten de comedians van Het Comedyhuis zware klimaatonderwerpen om in luchtige grappen. Een lekker avondje lachen dus. Want lachen is gezond! Om daarna met goede moed en op volle kracht te werken aan de oplossing. Lees meer en reserveer tickets.

24 november 2022 - Kledingruil - Swap till you Drop
Je kent het vast wel: je kledingkast puilt uit en toch heb je niets om aan te trekken. Vaak kun je anderen blij maken met jouw kleren – en anderen jou. Dus verzamel de kleding die jij niet meer draagt en kom naar de kledingruil in De Studio van NEMO. Onder het genot van een drankje ruil je de leukste jurken, truien en shirts. Goed voor je garderobe, én voor het klimaat. Lees meer en reserveer tickets.

Tickets

Voor een bezoek aan een activiteit op donderdagavond reserveer je een apart ticket. De toegangsprijs is: € 7,50. Het programma is inclusief een bezoek aan de tentoonstelling Energy Junkies. Reserveer hier je ticket.

Locatie en tijd

De activiteiten starten om 20.00 uur. Voorafgaand kun je vanaf 19.00 uur de tentoonstelling Energy Junkies bezoeken.

Adres: Kattenburgerstraat 5, gebouw 027A in Amsterdam. Volg de bordjes vanaf de hoofdingang aan de Kattenburgerstraat.

De Studio van NEMO

De Studio is een extra locatie van NEMO Science Museum op het Marineterrein in Amsterdam. De programmering in De Studio is speciaal voor volwassenen.

NEMO Science Museum's picture #CircularCity
Francien Huizing, Program and Communication Manager at Amsterdam Smart City, posted

Are smart cities the key to sustainable, thriving cities of the future?  

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That was the main question we talked about September 14 at the FuW Forum in Zurich. Sharing learnings and exchanging ideas and experiences is of great value. To learn from each other, align and get inspired. That is why Amsterdam Smart City hosts a lot of international groups in our Smart City Lab and sometimes visits interesting international conferences to share our story.  

The FuW Forum in Zurich had a very interesting line-up with speakers from all over the world. It was an honour for me to give an inspirational key note on behalf of Amsterdam Smart City. The message I wanted to get across: "Don't overestimate technology. Smart technology offers great opportunities but to make it work we have to make a whole ecosystem work. And that means cooperate, listen to each other, help each other, fail, learn, adapt, try different perspectives.....All so called 'soft' skills that we need to combine with a world of bits and bytes. That is where the real challenge lies. To overcome these issues a world in transition needs an independent and neutral place, where changemakers can meet interact and start working together.” An exciting message to bring being at Google headquarters. But I was glad to hear that most speakers and participants saw smart technology as a means to an end instead of a goal in itself.  

Below some interesting quotes of other speakers: 
Prem Ramaswami – Google 
"We invented the technology of cars to move from A to B and now we spend most of the time standing still in the traffic – 42% of the cities are parking lots."

Ute Schneider - Technical University Wien 
"We only start moving, when it really hurts"

Silke C. - Fraunhofer Gesellschaft  
“At the moment, data is not fully exploited, the data is distributed everywhere and cannot be brought together, there is a lack of trust – that is why a European governance is now being built."

Salomé Mall - Smart City Lab Basel
"The real estate industry is not mobile, it needs innovation to bridge the next crisis."

Markus Schläpfer - ETH Zurich  
"If we measure and understand human flows, we can use this for transport, infrastructure and the use of modern technologies.”

And Audrey Tang, Taiwan's Digital Minister  
"With the first Ministry of Digital Affairs we encourage the digital collaborative democracy between government and people - we must trust each other going into future live.”

Francien Huizing's picture #CircularCity
NEMO Science Museum, posted

Lezing - Een hoopvolle toekomst - 27 oktober 2022

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Een hoopvolle toekomst

Klimaatverandering is de grootste bedreiging van het leven op aarde. Het is dan ook logisch dat de gevolgen soms zorgen voor een pessimistisch gevoel. En hoe meer je je in het onderwerp verdiept, des te sterker dat gevoel kan worden. In deze lezing legt Ruben Jacobs uit hoe we zover zijn gekomen en waar onze verantwoordelijkheid ligt. Maar hij vertelt vooral over hoop in tijden van klimaatverandering en welk verhaal we onze kinderen straks kunnen vertellen.

Locatie & tijd

De lezingstart om 20.00 uur en duurt ongeveer 1 uur. Voorafgaand aan de lezing kun je vanaf 19.00 uur de tentoonstelling Energy Junkies bezoeken.

De Studio van NEMO is een extra locatie van NEMO Science Museum op het Marineterrein in Amsterdam. De programmering is speciaal voor volwassenen.

Foto: Keke Keukelaar

NEMO Science Museum's picture Masterclass / workshop on Oct 27th
NEMO Science Museum, posted

Inspiratiesessie - Eerste hulp bij klimaatstress - 13 oktober 2022

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Eerste hulp bij klimaatstress

Na twee zomers kamperen in je tentje in Nederland wil je eindelijk weer eens op een verre vliegvakantie. Maar je schaamt je om het aan anderen te vertellen. Wil je lang douchen, maar vindt jouw partner dat niet goed voor het milieu? Twijfel jij ook weleens aan wat je nou echt kan doen voor een beter klimaat en ben je daar soms gestrest over? Of valt het in jouw ogen allemaal wel mee? In de inspiratiesessie Eerste hulp bij klimaatstress gaan we in gesprek over persoonlijke ervaringen met klimaatverandering. Houd je hoofd koel en ontdek samen met expert Jeanine Pothuizen hoe je het beste omgaat met emoties rondom het klimaat.

Locatie & tijd

De sessie start om 20.00 uur en duurt ongeveer 2 uur. Voorafgaand aan de sessie kun je vanaf 19.00 uur de tentoonstelling Energy Junkies bezoeken.

De Studio van NEMO is een extra locatie van NEMO Science Museum op het Marineterrein in Amsterdam. De programmering is speciaal voor volwassenen.

Foto: DigiDaan

NEMO Science Museum's picture Masterclass / workshop on Oct 13th
Beth Njeri, Digital Communications Manager at Metabolic, posted

Bio-based renovation

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The primary reason to renovate buildings is to improve indoor climate quality and reduce environmental impact. This can be extremely effective, as 75% of buildings' CO2 emissions are released during the use phase. However, using non-renewable materials during renovation can be entirely counter-productive.

Check out this article to learn about bio-based materials in the renovation, and the obstacles to bio-based innovation.

Beth Njeri's picture #CircularCity
Gijs Boerwinkel, Head of communications at Waag, posted

Open source hardware: van black box naar een open box

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Veel gebruiksvoorwerpen die we ons dagelijks leven nodig hebben, worden gemaakt met complexe gereedschappen achter de gesloten deuren van grote bedrijven. Wat als wij consumenten die gereedschappen en machines zoals zaagmachines, boren en frezen zelf zouden kunnen maken? Wat verandert er in de positie van de consument? Hoe kun je een bedrijf runnen met kennis en technologie die voor iedereen beschikbaar is?  

Waag en Mekanika slaan de handen ineen voor een publieksprogramma rondom zogeheten: open source hardware en collaborative design. Simpel gezegd: gratis beschikbare blauwdrukken en ontwerp vanuit samenwerking in plaats van marktcompetitie. De avond is de feestelijke afsluiting van een tweedaagse design marathon in de Waag. In deze twee dagen ontwerpen deelnemers zo’n gratis beschikbare blauwdruk. Tijdens de avond wordt de winnaar van de design marathon bekend gemaakt. Daarna gaat een panel van experts  in gesprek over de toekomst van ontwerp, hardware en nieuwe business modellen.

  • 16:30 – deuren geopend
  • 17:00 – introductie & showcases uit design marathon 
  • 18:00 – bekendmaking winnaar design marathon & paneldiscussie
  • 19:00 – drinks & networking
  • 20:00 – end

 

Panel

  • Carolina Espinoza is een industrieel ontwerper uit Chili en werkt als ontwerp- en projectmanager voor de non-profitorganisatie Precious Plastic, die gereedschappen en machines ontwikkelt om plastic op kleine schaal te recyclen. De kennis wordt online gedeeld, open source en gratis voor iedereen om te gebruiken en een lokaal recyclingbedrijf te starten.
  • Daniele Ingrassia is sinds 2017 een wereldwijde Fab Lab-mentor en is de oprichter van InMachines Ingrassia GmbH, een in Duitsland gevestigd bedrijf dat open source digitale fabricagemachines ontwikkelt en verkoopt. Het bedrijf is betrokken bij Fab City Hamburg, voor de ontwikkeling van de Open Lab Starter Kit, een complete set open source machines voor Open Labs.
  • Trammell Hudson is lange tijd aangesloten geweest bij NYC Resistor-hackerspace en houdt ervan dingen uit elkaar te halen en te documenteren hoe ze werken. Hij gebruikt zijn reverse engineering-vaardigheden om interoperabiliteit tussen apparaten tot stand te brengen en heeft open source-firmware uitgebracht voor digitale camera's, gloeilampen, laptops en vele andere consumentenproducten.
  • Henk Buursen werkt sinds 2000 voor Waag, waar hij begon als GNU/Linux-systeembeheerder. Sinds enkele jaren is hij de beheerder en lab lead van het Fablab in de Waag. Henk is instructeur van Fab Academy, het wereldwijde gedistribueerde opleidingsprogramma in digitale fabricage, en leidt jaarlijks tientallen deelnemers op in het maken van 'almost anything'.

Dit evenement is Engels gesproken.

Open Next
Deze design marathon is onderdeel van het Europese project Open Next. Hierin onderzoekt Waag samen met internationale partners hoe we gesloten massaproductie kunnen veranderen in een een proces dat toegankelijk is voor de consument, die daarmee meer zeggenschap heeft over het uiteindelijke product.

Gijs Boerwinkel's picture Meet-up on Sep 9th
Isarah Teunissen, Opening doors to meaningful jobs in sustainability at Greenjobs, posted

Clean-Up Westerpark

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Hi Impactmakers!

Do you want to end the week off feeling satisfied? Then come join the monthly Greenjobs.nl cleanup in Westerpark at 15:00 - 17:00.

The sustainable jobboard of The Netherlands Greenjobs.nl has been organizing monthly clean-ups around Amsterdam to leave the city cleaner than we found it. Every month we find similar amount of trash on the streets as well as in the park (including Redbull cans, Coca Cola bottles, cigarettes and much more...). Do you want to contribute to a cleaner city? Then you are welcome to join Team Greenjobs on the 26th of August. We will provide the necessary equipment for you.

Do you want to join? Great! Please let us know via info@greenjobs.nl so that we can make sure we have enough equipment.

Meeting spot: in front of Conscious Hotels at 15:00 on the 26th of August.

See you there!

Meet-up on Aug 26th
Beth Njeri, Digital Communications Manager at Metabolic, posted

The Circularity Gap Report for the Built Environment

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The first Circularity Gap Report for the Built Environment in The Netherlands has launched!

The Netherlands has set an ambitious goal: a circular building sector by 2050. However, the built environment in the Netherlands is a massive motor for downcycling. Only 8% of the total material consumption comes from secondary materials.

This report by Metabolic, C-creators, Goldschmeding Foundation and Circle Economy shows new insights and specific actions for businesses, policymakers, urban planners and labour unions to accelerate circularity in the sector.

Get the overview from the summary in Dutch or download the full report in English below.

Beth Njeri's picture #CircularCity
Jasmyn Mazloum, Communicatie at Gemeente Almere, posted

Happy 2050 Scenario met Babette Porcelijn | PRICE Boekenclub

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Op 6 juli organiseert PRICE haar eerste boekenclub, op het Floriade terrein!
In deze eerste editie van de PRICE boekenclub bespreken we het boek Happy 2050 Scenario met auteur Babette Porcelijn en Verborgen Impact Ambassadeur én docent Duurzaamheid bij Hogeschool Aeres Kitty van Zijtveld.

Wat kunnen we uit dit boek leren en toepassen in onze eigen wereld en denkbeelden? Hoe kan jij bijdragen aan een happy 2050? Met deze vragen gaan we aan de slag op het Co2 negatieve en circulaire Growing Pavilion op het Floriade terrein. Aansluitend is er de mogelijkheid om The Exploded View te bezoeken, een huis van biobased & circulaire materialen.

Heb je het boek niet helemaal tot op de letter kunnen lezen? Geen probleem! We nemen je graag mee in het gedachtegoed van Babette Porcelijn. Voor €10,- kun je er bij zijn, dit is inclusief toegang tot het Floriade terrein! Heb je al toegang tot het terrein? Dan is een kaartje slechts €5,-. Koop hier een kaartje.

Programma
15:00 – 15:15    Opening
15:15 – 15:45    In gesprek over het Happy 2050 scenario met Babette Porcelijn -  auteur
15:45 – 16:15    Aan de slag met jouw Verborgen Impact met Kitty van Zijteveld
16:15 – 16:45    Toepassing in de praktijk: Ingrid Zeegers
16:45 – 17:00    Afronding en vragen
17:00                 Optioneel: storytelling & rondleiding bij bio-based paviljoen the Exploded View

Moet je het boek gelezen hebben?
Voel je vooral welkom om deel te nemen aan onze boekenclub. Het is niet nodig om het boek volledig gelezen te hebben, maar het is wel fijn. Heb je het boek nog niet in huis? Bestel deze dan via: https://thinkbigactnow.org/nl/. Ook hebben we op locatie een gelimiteerd aantal beschikbaar die je direct kunt laten signeren!
Bij het reserveren van je boekenclubticket krijg je automatisch een toegangsbewijs voor de Floriade Expo (t.w.v. 35 euro). Deze is de gehele dag geldig. Heb je al een seizoenskaart? Dan krijg je toegang tot de boekenclub tegen een gereduceerd tarief.

Wat is PRICE?
Praktijk- & Innovatiecentrum Circulaire Economie, zeg maar PRICE. Wij zijn hét circulaire actielab voor Flevolandse doeners. Ondernemers, studenten, docenten, bewoners en overheid – al deze mensen brengen we samen om de nieuwe economie werkelijkheid te maken. Nieuwe economie? Ja, een economie waarin we verder kijken dan geld verdienen.

Jasmyn Mazloum's picture Lecture / presentation on Jul 6th
Cornelia Dinca, International Liaison at Amsterdam Smart City, posted

Developing circular and sharing economy practices in cities

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Part of the New European Bauhaus Festival, the Intelligent Cities Challenge will host a side session: Developing circular and sharing economy practices in cities, on Thursday, June 9th at 10.00 to 11.30am CET.

The event will explore the innovative ways five European cities and regions are implementing circularity and sharing solutions to create more liveable and resilient communities.

Amsterdam Metropolitan Region, represented by Space & Matter will share the case of the circular community of Schoonschip, and a vision for scaling up sustainable and citizen-driven communities across Europe via the Crowdbuilding platform.

Alongside Amsterdam Region, best practices and lessons learned will also be shared by fellow ICC cities of Leuven (Belgium), Pescara (Italy), Sofia (Bulgaria) and Porto (Portugal).

The event is open to both ICC community members and all other interested stakeholders. Please subscribe to this registration form in order to receive the calendar invitation.

Cornelia Dinca's picture Online event on Jun 9th
Manon den Dunnen, Strategisch specialist digitaal , posted

Datadriven approaches & AI for good

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This evening is all about using datadriven approaches, datascience & AI for good

With Jene van der Heide on:
Can artificial intelligence grow a lettuce crop completely autonoomousy?
Wageningen University and Research (WUR) focuses on the domain of healthy food and living environment. Our mission is “To explore the potential of nature to improve the quality of life”. This mission can’t be achieved without developing and deploying emerging technologies, like artificial intelligence, molecular sensors and robotics. In this talk I will introduce to you the five scientific research programmes and three investment themes which are highly innovative and contribute directly to this mission. And dive a little bit deeper into two programmes which might interest you as a member of the sense makers community: (1) Data Driven & High Tech and (2) Digital Twins.
 
second speaker TBA

Manon den Dunnen's picture Meet-up on Jun 15th
Arthur Guilleminot, Artist , posted

Vote Piss Soap - New European Bauhaus Prize

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Dear Amsterdam Smart city community

I am reaching out to you to present a bit more of my project of Piss Soap and to ask you to vote and support my project at the New European Bauhaus Prize.
You can follow the link that will lead you to the voting page.

Piss Soap is a finalist in the section of “Rising Stars”, category Shaping a circular industrial ecosystem and supporting life-cycle thinking

Please vote, share and support and make sure to check all the amazing projects around sustainability, inclusivity and a greener future together.

"Piss soap is made entirely out of human activity waste materials, namely wood ashes, used cooking oil and urine. All these materials are easily gathered locally, in Amsterdam. The gathering of material and production of the Piss Soap is locally implemented and redistributed to the public cleaning services as well as the inhabitants. Piss soap has a regenerative impact in our cities, allowing to transform in a creative and useful way, wastes that our cities congregate."

If you have any question or comment do not hesitate to contact me

Arthur Guilleminot's picture #CircularCity
Beth Njeri, Digital Communications Manager at Metabolic, posted

Industrial Symbiosis

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At the end of its production process, waste or “output” produced by one company can be reborn into a valuable raw material or “input” for another.

This process is called “Industrial symbiosis”.

Learn more about it in the link below.

Beth Njeri's picture #CircularCity
Amsterdam Smart City, Connector of opportunities at Amsterdam Smart City, posted

GESLOTEN: Gezocht: Programmamedewerker Energie & Circulair Amsterdam Smart City (24 – 28 uur per week)

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Weet jij als geen ander mensen te verbinden en te inspireren? Wil jij bijdragen aan het versnellen van de transities op het gebied van mobiliteit, energie, circulaire economie en digitalisering? Kom dan het Amsterdam Smart City team versterken.

Voor ons kernteam (bestaande uit 5 mensen) zijn wij per direct op zoek naar een nieuw teamlid Programmamedewerker Energie & Circulair (24 -28 uur per week).

Wie zijn wij?
Amsterdam Smart City is een onafhankelijk innovatieplatform dat innovatieve bedrijven, kennisinstellingen, maatschappelijke organisaties, overheden en proactieve bewoners samenbrengt en de stad van de toekomst vormgeeft.

Dit doen wij met een netwerk van 27 partners die werken aan een betere, duurzame en toekomstbestendige wereld. Daarnaast hebben we een internationale community van meer dan 8000 pioniers en innovatie professionals die elkaar op de verschillende thema’s ontmoeten en verder helpen. Door al deze partijen te verbinden, en met hen het gesprek te voeren over de grote uitdagingen in onze regio, komen we tot innovatieve oplossingen die bijdragen aan betere straten, buurten en steden.

Wij zijn ervan overtuigd dat de veranderingen die nodig zijn voor de vooruitgang van de stad en regio alleen gerealiseerd kunnen worden door samen te werken. Onze activiteiten zijn daarom gericht op het faciliteren van deze samenwerking, zodat partijen samen tastbare en duurzame innovaties tot stand kunnen brengen. Amsterdam Smart City richt zich met name op vier transitieopgaves: mobiliteit, de digitale stad, energie en circulaire economie.

Wat ga je doen?
Binnen het Amsterdam Smart City netwerk krijg jij glansrol in het realiseren van innovatie samenwerkingen. Dit doe je zowel als verbinder als aanjager. Als verbinder breng je onze diverse partners samen op verschillende onderwerpen binnen de thema’s Energie en Circulair. Je haalt op wat er speelt en probeert de behoeften, knelpunten, lopende initiatieven en potentiële oplossingen te vertalen tot een gezamenlijk en gedragen vraagstuk.

Vervolgens help jij als aanjager de partners verder om hier samen mee aan de slag te gaan. Daarvoor organiseer je verschillende soorten bijeenkomsten met onze partners, en mogelijk andere partijen. Deze bijeenkomsten stellen hen in staat om het vraagstuk stapsgewijs op te lossen. Jij ondersteunt het proces, mede vanuit je inhoudelijke kennis, zodanig dat de samenwerking daadwerkelijk tot concrete gezamenlijke resultaten leidt. Denk hierbij aan een innovatieve pilot, een onderzoek, een participatie traject of een reeks kennisbijeenkomsten waar de partners vervolgens mee verder gaan.

Taken

  • Je onderhoudt en bouwt een netwerk van partners binnen de thema’s energie en circulaire economie; 
  • Je verbindt, mobiliseert en activeert partners, communityleden en andere relevante stakeholders. Soms ook internationaal; 
  • Je organiseert co-creatie sessies, workshops, en andere fysieke en online events die de partners in staat stellen om op complexe vraagstukken samen te werken; 
  • Je helpt het team in hun voortgang op andere transitieopgaves, events en programmaonderdelen; 
  • Je helpt bij de doorontwikkeling van onze innovatie-instrumenten en -processen om tot samenwerking te komen; 
  • Je maakt inhoudelijke kennis en resultaten zoveel mogelijk zichtbaar, samen met het team.

Wie ben jij?
Wij zoeken een collega met een nieuwsgierige, onderzoekende instelling die anderen aanzet tot nadenken en actie. Gedreven in het creëren van maatschappelijke waarde en een echte aanpakkers mentaliteit. Iemand die in staat is de ideeën, kennis en ervaring van individuele partijen samen te brengen tot een geheel waar men gezamenlijk op voort kan bouwen.

Profiel

  • Opleiding of ervaring binnen tenminste een van de thema’s of binnen stedelijke innovatie in algemene zin; 
  • Kennis van samenwerkingsprocessen en innovatiemethodieken; 
  • Ervaring met het organiseren van bijeenkomsten en/of werksessies;
  • Enthousiaste, open en bevlogen gesprekspartner; 
  • Uitstekende beheersing van de Nederlandse en Engelse taal in woord en geschrift;
  • Enkele jaren werkervaring; 
  • WO/HBO werk- en denkniveau; 
  • Een netwerk binnen ons werkveld is een pre!

Wat bieden wij?
Wij bieden je een fijne werkplek op het Marineterrein in Amsterdam, met een informele en collegiale sfeer. We zijn een klein team waar we nauw met elkaar samenwerken.

Je wordt deel van een enorm divers en dynamisch netwerk bestaande uit koplopers en pioniers op het gebied van stedelijke innovatie binnen diverse toonaangevende organisaties in de Metropoolregio Amsterdam. Je krijgt een kijkje in de keuken bij talloze duurzame en innovatieve initiatieven en programma’s.

Daarnaast bieden wij:

  • Een functie per direct voor 24 -28 uur per week;
  • Een jaarcontract met uitzicht op verlenging; 
  • Salarisindicatie: max € 4.388 bruto per maand (o.b.v. 40 uur); aangevuld met vakantie- en eindejaarstoeslag

Interesse gewekt?
Ben je enthousiast? Dan horen we graag van je! Stuur je cv en een korte motivatie voor 12 mei naar: info@amsterdamsmartcity.com.  De gesprekken vinden plaats op 16 en 17 mei. Voor meer informatie over de functie kan je contact opnemen met Sophie via sophie@amsterdamsmartcity.com of 06-36347785. Hopelijk spreken we elkaar snel!

Amsterdam Smart City's picture #CircularCity
Herman van den Bosch, professor in management development , posted

22. Two '100 smart city missions'- Twice an ill-advised leap forward

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The 22nd and penultimate episode in the *Better cities: The contribution of digital technology-*series will discuss two ambitious ‘smart city’plans of two governments and the associated risks.

Recently, the European Commission launched a 100-city plan, the EU Mission on Climate-Neutral and Smart Cities. One hundred European cities that aspire to be climate neutral by 2030 (you read that correctly) can register and count on supplemental funding. I immediately thought of another 100-city plan, India's Smart City Mission. In 2015, Prime Minister Modi announced that in six years 100 Indian cities would become 'smart'. The official term of the project has now ended, and I will examine below whether this goal has been achieved, I discuss the two plans and then explain why I call both of them a leap forward. At the end I will make a few suggestions for how the European mission can still learn from the Indian one.

India's Smart City Mission

The problem
In India, 377 million people live in cities. In 15 years, 200 million will have been added. Already, traffic in Indian cities has come to a complete standstill, each year more than 600,000 people die from air pollution, half of the urban areas have no drinking water connection, waste collection is poor and only 3% of sewage is treated. The rest is discharged into surface water, which is also the main source of drinking water.

The mission
The Smart City Mission was intended to implement substantial improvements on all these problems in 100 cities, which together comprise 30% of the population. In the improvements digital technology had to play an important role.
The 100 cities were selected because of favorable prospects and the quality of the plans, which usually consisted of a long series of projects.

Governance
The regular city governing bodies were deemed incompetent to lead the projects. That is why management boards (‘special purpose vehicles’) have been appointed, operating under company law and led by a CEO, supported by international consultancy firms. All rights and duties of the City Council regarding the execution of the mission were delegated to the appointed boards, including the power to collect taxes! Not surprisingly, this decision has been challenged in many places. Several cities have withdrawn from 'the mission' for this reason.

Financing
To implement their projects, each city would receive $150 million over five consecutive years. This money should be seen as seed capital to be supplemented from additional sources such as public-private partnerships, commercial bank lending, external financing, loans, and foreign investment.

Area-oriented and pan-urban approach
The plans contain two components: an area-oriented and a pan-urban approach. The first aims at adapting, retrofitting or new construction and should relate to a wide range of 'smart services'. For example high-speed internet, waste facilities, parking facilities, energy-efficient buildings, but also replacement of slums by high-rise buildings. The slick 'architectural impressions' that circulated at the beginning of the planning period (see above) mainly concern the area-oriented approach.
The pan-urban approach includes at least one 'smart' facility for a larger part of the city. The choice is often made to improve the transport infrastructure, for example the construction of new roads and highways and the purchase of electric buses. No fewer than 70 cities have built a 'smart' control center based on the example of Rio de Janeiro, which I believe was rather premature.

Progress
Now that the official term of 'the mission' has ended, a first inventory can be made, although observers complain about a lack of transparency about the results. About half of all the 5000 projects that have been started have not (yet) been completed and a significant part of the government funds have not yet been disbursed. This could still happen in the coming years. This is also because attracting external resources has lagged behind expectations. These funds came mainly from governments, and large technology companies. This has had an impact on the implementation of the plans.
The slow progress of most projects is partly because most of the population was barely aware of the mission and that city councils were not always cooperative either.

Impact
It was foreseen that half of the available resources would go to area-oriented projects; this eventually became 75-80%. As a result, on average only 4% of the inhabitants of the cities involved have benefited from 'the mission' and even then it is not clear what the benefits exactly entail. The city of New Delhi covers an area of almost 1500 km2, while the area concerned is only 2.2 km2: So you're not even going to have 100 smart cities. You're going to have 100 smart enclaves within cities around the country, said Shivani Chaudhry, director of the Housing and Land Rights Network.
It soon became clear that the mission would be no more than a drop in the ocean. Instead of $150 million, it would take $10 billion per city, $1000 billion in total, to address all ambitions, according to an official calculation.  Deloitte was a little more modest, calculating the need for $150 billion in public money and $120 billion from private sources.

Type of projects
The many topics eligible for funding have resulted in a wide variety of projects. Only one city has put the quality of the environment first. Most cities have initiated projects in the areas of clean energy, improving electricity supply, reducing air pollution, construction of new roads, purchasing electric buses, waste disposal and sanitation. What is also lacking, is a focus on human rights, gender, and the interests of the poorest population groups.
In some places, it has been decided to clear slums and relocate residents to high-rise buildings on the outskirts of the city. Indian master architect Doshi warns that the urban vision behind the smart city plans will destroy the informality and diversity that is the cornerstone of the country's rural and urban society. He challenges planners to shift the emphasis to rural areas and to create sufficient choices and opportunities there.

The European Mission on Climate-neutral and Smart Cities

The problem
Cities produce more than 70% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions and use more than 65% of total energy. In addition, cities in Europe only cover 4% of the total surface area and accommodate 75% of the population. The ecological footprint of the urban population is more than twice what it is entitled to, assuming a proportional distribution of the earth's resources.

The mission
On November 25, 2021, the European Commission called on European cities to express their interest in a new European mission on Climate-neutral and smart cities. The mission aims to have 100 climate-neutral and smart cities by 2030, which will act as a model for all other European cities.
The sectors involved in this transformation process are the built environment, energy production and distribution, transport, waste management, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, forestry, and other land uses and large-scale deployment of digital technology. That is why the European Commission talks of a green and digital twin, or a simultaneous green and digital transformation.

Governance
Reaching the stated goal requires a new way of working and the participation of the urban population, hence the motto 100 climate neutral cities by 2030 - by and for the citizens.
According to the plan's authors, the main obstacle to climate transition is not a lack of climate-friendly and smart technology, but the inability to implement it. The current fragmented form of governance cannot bring about an ambitious climate transition. Crucial to the success of the mission is the involvement of citizens in their various roles as political actors, users, producers, consumers, or owners of buildings and means of transport.

Funding
The additional investment to achieve the mission is estimated at €96 billion for 100 European cities by 2030, with a net positive economic benefit to society of €25 billion that will increase further in the period thereafter. The European Commission will provide €360 million in seed funding.
The overwhelming amount of funding will have to come from banks, private equity, institutional investors, and from the public sector at the local, regional and national level.

What went wrong with the Indian Mission and its follow-up

The gap between ambitions and reality
Almost all comments on 'the mission' emphasize that three necessary conditions were not met from the start, namely a widely accepted governance model, adequate funding, and involvement of the population and local government. There was an unbridgeable gap between ambitions and available resources, with the contribution of external capital being grossly overestimated.
The biggest problem, however, is the gap between the mission's ambitions and the nature of the problems that India it faces: Cities are bursting at the seams because of the millions of poor people who flock to cities every year in search of work and a place to live that find them only in the growing slums. The priorities for which the country must find a solution are therefore: improving life in rural areas, improving housing in the cities, ensuring safe drinking water, waste disposal, sanitation, and purification of wastewater, good (bus) transport and less polluting car traffic. Urgently needed is a sustainable development model that addresses ecological problems, makes urbanization manageable, controls pollution and will use resources efficiently.

Leap forward
The 'Mission' is a leap forward, which does not tackle these problems at the root, but instead seeks a solution in 'smartification'. Policymakers were captivated by the promises made by IBM and other technology companies that ICT is the basis for solving most urban problems. A view that I objected in the third episode of this series. IC solutions have been concentrated in enclaves where businesses and prosperous citizens are welcomed. The Government of India Special Rapporteur on Housing therefore notes that the proposals submitted had a predominant focus on technology rather than prioritizing affordable housing and doubts the correctness of this choice.
Instead of emphasizing the role of digital technology, the focus should have been on equitable, inclusive, and sustainable living areas for all. Not the area-oriented but the pan-urban approach should have prevailed.

Follow-up
Several authors suggest future actions consistent with the above comments:
• Setting a longer time horizon, which is much more in line with the problems as they are felt locally.
• Decentralization, coupled with strengthening local government in combination with citizen participation.
• A more limited number of large-scale pan-urban projects. These projects should have an immediate impact on all 4000 Indian cities and the surrounding countryside.
• More attention for nature and the environment instead of cutting down trees to widen motorways.
• Training programs in the field of urbanization, partly to align urban development with Indian culture.

The European mission revisited

Leap forward
Europe and India are incomparable in many ways, but I do see similarities between the two missions.
With the proclamation of the 'mission', the Indian government wanted to show the ultimate – perhaps desperate – act of determination to confront the country's overwhelming problems. I therefore called this mission a flight forward in which the image of the 'smart city' was used as a catalyst. However, the country’s problems are out of proportion to this, and the other means employed.
It is plausible that the European Union Commission also wanted to take an ultimate act. After the publication of the ambitious European Green Deal, each national governments seems to be drawing its own plan. The ‘100 cities mission’ is perhaps intended as a 'booster', but here too the feasibility of this strategy is doubtful.

Smart and green
The European Union cherishes the image of a 'green and digital twin', a simultaneous green and digital transformation. Both the Government of India and the European Commission consider digital technology an integral part of developing climate neutral cities. I hope to have made it clear in the previous 21 episodes of this series that digital technology will certainly contribute. However, the reduction of greenhouse gases and digitization should not be seen as an extension of each other. Making a city climate neutral requires way more than (digital) technology. Moreover, suitable technology is still partly under development. It is often forgotten that technology is one of the causes of global warming. Using the image of green and smart twins will fuel the tension between the two, just like it happened in India. In that case, it remains to be seen where the priority will lie. In India it was 'smart'.

Funding
Funding of the Indian mission fell short; much is still unclear about funding of the European mission. It is highly questionable whether European states, already faced with strong opposition to the costs of 'climate', will be willing to channel extra resources to cities.

Governance
The European mission wants to be by and for the citizens. But the goal has already been established, namely becoming climate neutral by 2030. A new 'bottom-up' governmental approach would have been to investigate whether there are cities where a sufficiently large part of the population agrees with becoming climate neutral earlier than in 2050 and how much sooner that could be and next, leave it to these cities themselves to figure-out how to do this.

Can Europe still prevent its mission from failing like India's? I propose to look for in the same direction as India seems to be doing now:
•      Opt for one unambiguous goal: Reducing greenhouse gases significantly earlier than 2050.
•      Challenge a limited number of cities each to form a broad coalition of local stakeholders that share this ambition.
•      Make extra resources available, but also ask the cities themselves to make part of the necessary investments.
•      Stimulate universities and industry to provide a European response to Big Tech and to make connections with the 'European Green Deal'.

My e-book Smart City Tales contains several descriptions of intended and alleged smart cities, including the much-discussed Saudi Arabian Neom. The Dutch version is here.

Herman van den Bosch's picture #CircularCity
Herman van den Bosch, professor in management development , posted

Digital tools as enablers of a circular economy. The Amsterdam case

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In the 19th episode of the Better cities - the contribution of digital technology-series, I address the question of how digital technology can help in the long road to a circular society.

The contribution of digital technology becomes most visible when viewed in conjunction with other policy instruments and actions. That is why in this episode Amsterdam is in the spotlight; this city has been pursuing a consistent circular policy from 2015 onwards.

Why is a circular economy necessary?

European countries together need an average of 2.9 copies of planet Earth to meet the needs for raw materials. But even one Earth has finite resources, and it is therefore obvious that more and more countries aim to be circular by 2050. The circular processing ladder contains a range of options with the lowest step recovery of energy from materials unsuitable for re-use and furthermore recycling, repurposing, remanufacturing, renovation, repair, reuse, reduction, reconsideration to rejection.

A circular economy is an economic and industrial system that eliminates waste and takes the reusability of products and raw materials and the regenerative capacity of natural resources as a starting point, minimizes value destruction in the total system and pursues value creation in every link of the system. In this context, the term cradle-to-cradle design is often referred to. This is done in terms of material flows and the preservation of values, so that in the long term there is no longer any need for an influx of virgin materialsMaersk has developed a cradle-to-cradle passport, a first for the shipping industry, consisting of a database of all ship components, including all the steel, for recycling, reuse and remanufacturing of new ships or their parts.

The Digital Sustainability-memorandum is considering digitization as an enabler on the way to a circular economy. A fourfold distinction is made in this regard: (1) the coordination of supply and demand of materials, (2) facilitating maintenance and repairs, (3) improving the production process, and (4) supporting partners in chain cooperation. Examples of all these options are discussed below.

Amsterdam and the realization of circular principles

Amsterdam's ambition is to use 50% less virgin raw materials by 2030 compared to the current situation. This goal is also very important for achieving its climate targets: 63% of the CO2 emissions for which the city is responsible come from products and materials that are produced abroad. The municipal government can only partly influence this steam. That is why the policy focuses on three areas where the city has most influence, namely food and organic residual flows, consumption and the built environment.

Amsterdam published its first policy plan Amsterdam Circular: Vision and roadmap for the city and regionin 2015. The emphasis was on organic waste and the built environment. It included 75 action points and its approach was positively evaluated in 2018 and a new report was published. It was decided to continue with the same emphasis with the addition of food and consumption. The addition of consumption was obvious, because Amsterdam had been making a strong case for the sharing economy for some time.

Shortly after the publication of the new report, Kate Raworth’s donut-principles made their entrance. Remarkably, none of the previous reports contain a reference to her work on the donut economics. In May 2019, the first fruit of the collaboration with Kate Raworth appeared, building on the report from the previous year. The collaboration resulted in a new report Building blocks for the new Amsterdam Circular 2020-2025 strategy, involving many stakeholders from the sectors, food and organic residual flows, consumption, and construction. It resulted in 17 building blocks, named 'development directions'.

This report was based on the original 2012 publication on the donut economy. However, there turned out to be one pitfall. The original donut model was designed for global-level applications, which, according to Kate Raworth, cannot be directly traced to the urban level. The social implications of behavior in one city not only affect this city itself, but also the rest of the world. The same applies to the ecological aspects.

As a next step Kate Raworth invited representatives from Amsterdam, Philadelphia and Portland to join a task force and discover what a city-level donut model looks like. In each of these cities, dozens of officials and citizens participated in an interactive process. The result was a new model that uses four lenses to view urban activities: The first and second resemble the original lenses but applied at the city level, for example, the impact of local industry on local nature. The third is how activities in a certain city had a negative social impact on the rest of the world, think for example of clothing, produced under poor conditions. The fourth is the impact of local actions on nature worldwide.

These activities resulted in a new publication, The city donut for Amsterdam. It is an instrument for change that can be applied more broadly than to circular policy. In this publication, the new donut model is mainly used as a conceptual model. Instead of exact calculations, snapshots are collected as illustrations.

While city representatives were busy developing the urban donut model, the work towards the circular city continued unabated, resulting in the publication of the final circular strategy for the period 2020 – 2025 and the action plan for the period 2020 – 2021 at almost the same time. In terms of content, these plans are in line with the publication of the building blocks-report from 2019, including the application of the 'old' donut model from 2012.

In the following, I use both the strategy and the action plan to show the role of digital tools. At the end, I come back to the future role of the city donut.

Digital techniques in the circular strategy of Amsterdam 2020 – 2025

I align with the three value chains: food and organic residual flows, consumption and the built environment that are central to the strategy. Three ambitions are formulated for each of these three, further detailed in several action directions, each containing several projects, most with measurable results to attain in 2021. In addition, a couple of projects are described, that bare related to types of companies, institutions and the port. Finally, there are overarching projects, in which I will again pay attention to digitization, also because the role of the city donut will become visible here.

Below I briefly describe the three value chains, name the three ambitions for each, and give references to digital tools that will play a role within each of the three value chains.

Value chain food and organic residual flows

The municipality wants to combat food waste and reuse organic residual flows as much as possible. The role of regionally produced (plant-based) food will be strengthened in line with the Amsterdam food strategy. In realizing its objectives, the municipality participates in an extensive European project, Rumore.

The three ambitions are: (V1) Short food chains provide a robust, sustainable sensory system, (V2) Healthy and sustainable food for Amsterdammers and (V3) Food and organic residual flows.

Examples of digital tools

• GROWx vertical farm is a farm that aims to achieve maximum returns by applying artificial intelligence to the indoor cultivation of food crops, among other things.

• Restore is a measurement system and simulation model for Amsterdam and surrounding municipalities and companies that provides insight into the financial, ecological, and social effects of various forms of composting and bio-fermentation, including the use of biomass.

• The InstockMarket platform will map (surplus) food flows and - if possible - predict them so that the catering industry can anticipate this when purchasing. The data from this project will be linked to the circular economy data platform

• The Platform www.Vanamsterdamsevloer.nl  makes all local food initiatives (including food events) visible and residents of Amsterdam can share news about food and urban agriculture.

Value chain consumer goods

The emphasis is on consumer goods that contribute substantially to the depletion of rare raw materials, their production is polluting and often takes place under poor working conditions. In addition, the impact on climate change is significant. The emphasis is on electronics, textiles, and furniture because repair is also possible in each of these cases.

Furthermore, a lot of profit can be made by good collection and reuse through sharing and exchange.

Here too, a multi-year research project funded by the European Commission is important. The Reflow project maps data on flows of materials and develops processes and technology to support their implementation.

The ambitions are :(C1) The municipality is setting a good example and will consume less; (C2) Together we make the most of what we have and (C3) Amsterdam makes the most of discarded products.

Examples of digital tools

• The municipality will develop digital tools within the (purchasing) systems that support civil officers in circular procurement.

• The West-district supports www.warewesten.nl. This website brings together the sustainable fashion addresses of Amsterdam-West.

• Using artificial intelligence, among other things, it is being investigated how the lifespan of various goods can be extended so that they do not end up with bulky waste. This can be used, for example, on the municipal website to offer the option of first offering goods for sale or for giving via existing online platforms before they are registered as bulky waste.

• Indirectly, it is worth noting that the municipality wants to make the use of ICT more sustainable by purchasing less equipment (for example through 'hardware as a service'), extending the lifespan of equipment and reducing its energy consumption.

Value chain built environment

This value chain was also chosen because the municipality has an important voice in what and where is built and in the development of the public space. The municipality itself is also a major user of buildings.

In terms of the built environment, circular construction can be achieved through large-scale reuse of construction waste. By ensuring that buildings can be used for more purposes, their demolition can be slowed down. Sustainable materials can also be used in the design of public spaces – from roads and bridges to playgrounds. In addition, consideration could be given to the  climate-adaptive design of the city, resulting in cleaner air and dealing with increasing heat and rainfall.

The ambitions are: (G1): We do circular development together; (G2) The municipality sets a good example and uses circular criteria; (G3) We deal circularly with the existing city.

Examples of digital tools

• Introduction of large-scale application of material passports to have the most complete information possible on material use in all phases of the life cycle of buildings. This is linked to national plans, among other things by providing all materials with an OR code.

• Research into the possibilities of a (national) online materials marketplace. Such a marketplace will influence (local) material hubs, such as the Amstel III construction hub and the creation of circular business cases.

• Providing insight into the supply (demolition, renovation) and demand (new construction, renovation) of circular building materials and thus of circular material flows.

• Creating a digital twin of the public space and the subsurface to be able to furnish and maintain it functionally and circularly.

• Research in digital production due to the rapid development of digital production techniques and their applications, such as robots and 3D printing.

• Research into making the construction, equipment and water and energy consumption of data centers more sustainable.

• Research into which data about residents and users of buildings can be made public and which data should remain private.

The municipality could further simplify the process of permit applications by digitizing everything, enabling applicants to upload the necessary municipal data and construction drawings and calculating the BREAAM score. This applies to both new and renovated buildings.

Overarching theme: Data platform and monitor circular economy

On the road to a circular economy, a lot of data will become available and just as much data is needed to help citizens, companies, and institutions to make sustainable choices and to determine whether the goal of 100% circularity by 2050 is within reach. That is why a data platform and monitor is being developed. This numerically maps all material, recycle, residual and waste flows that enter, leave, and go around the city. This also makes it possible to calculate the impact on CO2 emissions. The data from the material passports and the materials marketplace are also integrated herein, if possible. The monitor also includes social aspects such as health, education, and equality. Relevant data will be open and accessible, so that it can be used for the development of new innovations and applications by the municipality and third parties, also to connect with other urban transitions.

The monitor connects to the four lenses of the city donut of Amsterdam and will collect the data that is currently missing to provide full quantitative insight. This also concerns the environmental impact of all materials that Amsterdam imports for its own consumption. Where the city donut is currently only a partially quantified, the monitor will continuously provide insight into whether the municipality is staying within the ecological preconditions or where it falls short with regard to the minimum social requirements.

Amsterdam's circular strategy and the resulting action agenda is ambitious and will inspire many other cities. Because many projects are small- and medium scaled, it is not yet possible to assess to what extent the strategy and action agenda help to achieve the targets (50% circularity in 2030 and 100% in 2050). Commitment to the development of the monitor is therefore crucial and the municipality will also have to keep an open eye on the parallel actions that citizens, the business community, the port and other institutions must take to achieve their share. After all, becoming circular encompasses much more than food and organic waste, consumption, and construction.

To document the process of the City of Amsterdam's adaptation of circular policy and the contribution of Kate Raworth, I have put together a brief dossier. This includes references to (copies of) all relevant reports and an indication of their content. This file can be downloaded by following the link below.:

https://www.dropbox.com/s/lntf8izqz7ghvqp/Dossier%20circularity.docx?dl=0

Herman van den Bosch's picture #CircularCity
Joyce Overklift Vaupel Kleyn, Communication advisor at Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, posted

Save the date for the upcoming livecast session from the series: ‘Designing for Neighbourhood Resilience’

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With the research project 'From Prevention to Resilience' the Civic Interaction Design Research Group is exploring how public space and civic engagement can contribute to more resilient urban neighborhoods. And how local communities can become more resilient in the face of crises such as the Covid-19 pandemic, global warming and biodiversity loss. Over the past months, this exploration has resulted in the development of a nature-inclusive design framework, which challenges and enables urban designers to not only consider ‘human’ residents within their scope but also ‘other-than-human’ residents. During this second public event at the Pakhuis de Zwijger, the research team will discuss what this framework brings to the practice of design professionals and how we could use it for new resilient strategies within city planning. Sign up below and join us for a thought provoking conversation.

SPEAKERS:

Joyce Overklift Vaupel Kleyn's picture Meet-up on Mar 31st
Cornelia Dinca, International Liaison at Amsterdam Smart City, posted

Join the Festival of the New European Bauhaus, June 9-12

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Are you working on a project, art piece, cultural or social initiative that presents an inspirational vision for an inclusive, beautiful, and sustainable future?  If so, the Festival of the New European Bauhaus is looking for you!

The Festival brings together people from all walks of life to debate and shape our future. A future that is sustainable, inclusive and beautiful. It is a great opportunity to network, exchange and celebrate – from science to art, from design to politics, from architecture to technology. It will feature debates, great speakers, artistic performances, exhibitions and networking opportunities.

How to be part of it
The Festival offers many opportunities for individuals and groups to get involved. Whether you want to present a project or initiative at the Fair, showcase artistic or cultural performances, or organise a side event in your own country, region or town. It is also possible to propose your venue to host an event within the festival, such as a project exhibit or an artistic performance.

Find out more and submit your application by March 21: https://new-european-bauhaus-festival.eu/

Cornelia Dinca's picture #CircularCity
Beth Njeri, Digital Communications Manager at Metabolic, posted

The interconnected city with nature, communities and resources

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In December, the Metabolic Cities team created a series of 3 articles on what future cities can become based on interconnections with nature, communities and resources.

If you haven’t already, take a look and tell us what you think.

An inclusive nature city allows species to thrive: https://www.metabolic.nl/news/interconnected-city-nature/

Interconnected communities, vital for healthy cities: https://www.metabolic.nl/news/interconnected-city-community/

Reconnecting to resources brings operations within planetary boundaries: https://www.metabolic.nl/news/interconnected-city-resources/

Beth Njeri's picture #CircularCity