All waste is a resource

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The City as a Lab #5
All waste is a resource - Resourceful democracy in the circular city.

The changing meaning of waste inevitably shifts the way governments, citizens and providers relate to each other. This evening will address these broad questions looking at the political challenges of circular economic development related to urban democracy, urban regeneration and economic growth. All waste is a resource: this is the key principle of a circular economy of cities in time of environmental degradation and scarcity.

Urban areas are ecosystems made of material flows. Each activity taking place in the city produces waste that can be turned into material for new activities. From the disposing of plastic to the re-use of heat from industry, from the human metabolic functions to the residual of food production.

How can these multiple flows be organized to the dream of the ZERO waste urban society? What is the role of policymakers in this process? The circular economy will have a deep impact on the way we understand the notion of growth and the way we organize the democratic process of urban change. These changes and challenges generated by the circular economy for urban democracy, urban regeneration and economic growth will be addressed during this evening and everyone is invited to join the discussion.


Lotte Duursma's picture
Lotte Duursma

Hi @kimtjoa , thank you for your contributions. You can also post the entire text on our posts section ( ) so more people can read about your findings.
Will you be attending the event in Pakhuis de Zwijger?

Kim TJOA's picture

FLOOW2 World's Reset Button ( is the global sharing marketplace that enables businesses and organizations to share their idle capacity, human resources but also waste and materials. We wrote two articles on the topic. Find them below. We believe in the power of transparency as a key enabler for closing resource loops and a government that facilitates instead of regulates.